For those of you who don’t know what Minecraft crafting is, it is the way in which tools, weapons and other items are made from raw resources such as wooden planks, iron, coal and stone. The earlier versions of Minecraft do not include the ability to craft items so make sure you are playing one of these versions of the game: Indev, Infdev or Alpha.

To craft an item, resources must be placed into a crafting grid from your inventory in a specific pattern to create a particular item. Some patterns are small and can be crafted on the 2×2 grid found in your inventory screen, but larger ones require a 3×3 grid. To access this larger grid, first build a crafting table which can then be used by right clicking on it once it has been placed on the ground. It is important to note that it does not matter where on the grid the resources are placed, as long as the correct pattern for the item is used. This means that every 2×2 recipe can also be implemented using a crafting table’s 3×3 grid. The crafting pattern can also be flipped horizontally. For example, you can craft a fishing pole with the string on the left side of the 3×3 grid.
Minecraft 2x2 Crafting GridMinecraft 3x3 Crafting Grid
2×2 Crafting Grid – Inventory Screen3×3 Crafting Grid – Use a Crafting Table
The simplest way to understand the Minecraft crafting process and remember the crafting recipes (and not have to visit this list as often) is to visualize what item you are trying to craft. Take the pickaxe for example:
Crafting Pickaxes
The pickaxe is created by placing two sticks down the middle of the 3×3 grid (see above). Visualize this as two small sticks being put together to form a long handle for the pickaxe. Three of the same resource (wooden planks, stone, iron, gold or diamond) are then placed across the top three boxes in the grid. Picture this as being the blade of the pickaxe that is attached to the top of the handle. You’re done! Many of the items you craft in Minecraft can be visualized this way, so try not to over think things.

Minecraft Crafting – Item Durability

Armor, some tools and swords can all be crafted using several different resources. These items will last longer and work faster/better if they are made from a harder resource. A small damage bar below each item displays how much longer a tool will last before it breaks and disappears.
The general equation for calculating the number of uses a tool or sword is good for is 2(n+5) + 1. The “n” in the equation is the strength of the material. A use is counted if you completely break apart a block or hit an enemy. If you stop while you are still working on the block and do not finish breaking it, a use is not counted against your tool. If you use a tool (or sword) for a task other than what it is meant for such as using a shovel to break apart rock, this counts as two uses.
The amount of damage a piece of armor protects you from depends on the percentage of remaining uses it has and its number of base armor points. The number of base armor points that each piece of armor provides can be found in the Armor Recipes section. The protective ability of the armor will decrease as the number of times it has been used increases.
Example: After 30 uses (of minimal damage), a leather helmet will have 38.8% of its uses remaining (10 out of 49) and therefore 39% of a helmet’s maximum damage protection. A diamond helmet would have 92.2% of its uses left (355 out of 385) after 30 uses and would still have 92.2% of a helmet’s maximum damage protection remaining.


  • Each block you break using the proper tool is 1 use. (Use axes for wood, shovels for dirt and pickaxes for stone-type blocks).
  • Each block you break using the wrong tool is 2 uses.
  • Each time you hit a mob with your sword is 1 use.
  • Each time you hit a mob with a tool counts as 2 uses.
  • Each time a piece of armor is used to protect against any amount of damage is 1 use. If you are wearing multiple pieces of armor, 1 use will be counted against each piece you are wearing. Wearing multiple pieces will absorb more damage.
  • Each piece of armor provides a different amount of protection or “armor points”. The stronger the type of armor (leather, gold, iron, etc.), the better it is at retaining it’s ability to absorb damage as the number of uses increases.
  • When the damage bar under a tool icon is completely empty, it will break after the next use.

Tool and Sword Durability

This is how many blocks a tool can break or hits a sword can deal when they are used properly.

Wood – 33 uses (n = 0)
Gold – 33 uses (n = 0)
Stone – 65 uses (n = 1)
Iron – 129 uses (n = 2)
Diamond – 1025 uses (n = 5)

Armor Durability

These values are how many half-hearts of damage a type of armor can sustain before breaking.

Simple Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Wooden PlanksWood (regular, birch or pine)Crafting Wood Planks from Wood
Can be used as a building material, but is usually used for a wide variety of crafting recipes.
Sticks2 Wooden PlanksCrafting Sticks from Wood
Used as handles for tools and weapons as well as for ladders, signs, torches and fences.
TorchesStick and Coal or CharcoalCrafting Torches from Stick and Coal
Torches create light. They also have the ability to melt ice and snow.
Crafting Table4 Wooden PlanksCrafting Workbench from Wood
When placed on the ground, it provides use of the 3×3 crafting grid.
FurnaceCobblestoneCrafting Furnace from Cobblestone
Provides the ability to smelt.
Chest8 Wooden PlanksCrafting Chest from Wood
Similar to your inventory. Holds 27 stacks of items or blocks.

Block Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Ore BlocksGold Ingots, Iron Ingots, Diamonds and Lapis Lazuli DyeCrafting Ore Blocs from Ingots
Turn ingots or diamonds into a placeable block. Can be used for storage or to show off.
Glowstone BlockGlowstone DustCrafting Brimstone from Glowstone Dust
Glowstone acts as a torch, and will melt snow and ice within 3 blocks of it. Breaking a brimstone block will only give 1 Glowstone Dust back.
TNT Block5 Sulphur and 4 SandCrafting TNT from Sulphur and Sand
Causes an explosion and breaks apart blocks near it.
Cloth BlockStringCrafting Cloth Block from String
Cloth blocks can also be acquired from sheep. Used as a building block.
Clay BlockClayCrafting Clay Block from Clay
Used as a building block.
Brick BlockClay BricksCrafting Brick from Clay Bricks
Used as a realistic looking building material.
Snow BlockSnowballsCrafting Snow Block from Snowballs
Used as a building material or snowball storage.
Bookshelf6 Wooden Planks and 3 BooksCrafting Bookshelf from Wood and Books
Used as decoration.
Sandstone4 SandCrafting Sandstone from Sand
Used as a building block.
Slabs3 Cobblestone or 3 Stone or 3 Sandstone or 3 Wooden PlanksCrafting Steps from Cobblestone
Each step is half the size of a regular block. Used to create long staircases quickly. Two slabs can be place on top of each other to make a full sized block.
Stairs6 Wooden Planks or CobblestoneCrafting Stairs from Wood or Cobblestone
Stairs take up less space than steps.
Jack-O-LanternPumpkin and TorchCrafting Jack-O-Lantern from Pumpkin and Torch
Acts as a torch, but emits more light. Can stay lit underwater.

Tool Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
PickaxesSticks and Wooden Planks or Cobblestone or Iron Ingots or Gold Ingots or Diamond Gems.Crafting Pickaxes from Several Resources
Makes mining stone-type blocks faster.
ShovelsSticks and Wooden Planks or Cobblestone or Iron Ingots or Gold Ingots or Diamond Gems.Crafting Shovels from Several Resources
Makes digging dirt, snow, gravel, sand and grass faster.
HoesSticks and Wooden Planks or Cobblestone or Iron Ingots or Gold Ingots or Diamond Gems.Crafting Hoes from Several Resources
Used on grass and dirt to acquire seeds or prepare for farming crops.
AxesSticks and Wooden Planks or Cobblestone or Iron Ingots or Gold Ingots or Diamond GemsCrafting Axes from Several Resources
Makes chopping wood-type blocks faster.
Bucket3 Iron IngotsCrafting Bucket from Iron Ingots
Can hold lava, water or milk.
Flint and Steel1 Iron Ingot and 1 SteelCrafting Flint and Steel
Used to set fire to things.
Fishing Rod3 Sticks and 2 StringCrafting Fishing Rod from Sticks and String
Used to catch fish.
Compass4 Iron Ingots and 1 Redstone DustCrafting Compass from Iron Ingots and Redstone Dust
Always points to your spawn point.
Watch4 Gold Ingots and 1 Redstone DustCrafting Watch from Gold and Redstone Dust
Tells the time of day.

Weapon Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
SwordsStick and 2 of either Wooden Planks or Cobblestone or Iron or Gold or DiamondsCrafting Sword from Stick and Other Resources
Kills mobs faster than using your hands.
Bow3 Sticks and 3 StringCrafting Bow from Sticks and String
Allows for distance attacks using arrows.
ArrowsFlint and Feather and StickCrafting Arrows from Flint, Feather and Stick
Shot at mobs using a bow.

Armor Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Helmets5 of either Leather or Gold or Iron or Diamond or Fire*Crafting Helmets from Several Resources
Helmets provide 1.5 base armor points.
Chestplates8 of either Leather or Gold or Iron or Diamond or Fire*Crafting Chestplates from Several Resources
Chestplates provide 4 base armor points.
Leggings7 of either Leather or Gold or Iron or Diamond or Fire*Crafting Leggings from Several Resources
Leggings provide 3 base armor points.
Boots4 of either Leather or Gold or Iron or Diamond or Fire*Crafting Boots from Several Resources
Boots provide 1.5 base armor points.
Transportation Recipes
NameIngredientsInput >> Output
RailsStick and 6 Iron IngotsCrafting Rails from Stick and Iron 
Used to provide a route for minecarts.
Powered RailsStick and 6 Gold Ingots and Redstone DustPowered Rail 
Used to speed up or slow down Minecarts.
Detector RailsStone Pressure Plate and 6 Iron Ingots and Redstone DustDetector Rail
Works like a pressure plate but can only be activated by a Minecart.
MinecartIron IngotsCrafting Minecart 
Used for transporting players or mobs along minetracks.
Powered MinecartFurnace and MinecartCrafting Powered Minecart 
Pushes other minecarts along tracks. Powered by fuel.
Storage MinecartChest and MinecartCrafting Storage Minecart from Minecart and Chest 
Used to transport resources on minetracks.
Boat5 Wooden PlanksCrafting Boat from Wood 
Enables you to travel in water faster than swimming.

Mechanism Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Redstone TorchRedstone Dust and StickMinecraft Crafting Redstone Torch 
Sends a constant electric signal. Also emits small amount of light.
LeverCobblestone and StickCrafting Lever from Cobblestone and Stick 
Sends an electrical signal when in the “on” position. Stays in its current state unless it is clicked.
Pressure Plates2 Stone or 2 Wooden PlanksCrafting Pressure Plates from Wooden Planks or Stone 
Sends an electrical charge when a player or mob walks on it. Wooden Pressure Plates are also be activated when something is dropped on them.
Doors6 Wooden Planks or 6 Iron IngotsMinecraft Crafting Doors 
Wooden Doors can be activated by right-clicking on them or by sending them an electrical signal. Iron Doors can only be activated by an electrical signal.
Stone ButtonStoneCrafting Stone Button 
Sends an electrical signal when pressed. Charge lasts for approximately one second.
Jukebox8 Wooden Planks and 1 DiamondCrafting Jukebox from Wood and Diamond
Plays records.
Note Block8 Wooden Planks and 1 Redstone DustCrafting Note Block from Wood and Redstone Dust
Plays a note when used. Right click it to change the pitch of the note. A different instrument is played depending on the type of block it is placed on.
Dispenser7 Cobblestone and Bow and Redstone DustCrafting Dispenser from bow, cobblestone and redstone dust 
Dispensers can store 9 stacks of items or blocks in a 3×3 grid. When powered by Redstone Dust, it ejects the items in random order. Snowballs, eggs and arrows are fired out as projectiles.
Redstone Repeater3 Stone and Redstone Dust and 2 Redstone TorchesCrafting Redstone Repeater from Stone, Redstone Dust and Redstone Torches 
Used in redstone circuits as a diode, a repeater or a delayer.

Food Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Bread3 WheatMinecraft Crafting Bread 
Heals 2.5 hearts.
Mushroom StewRed Mushroom and Brown Mushroom and BowlMinecraft Crafting Mushroom Stew 
Heals 5 hearts. The brown and red mushrooms can be switched when crafting.
Bowls3 Wooden PlanksMinecraft Crafting Bowls 
Holds mushroom stew. Bowls can be reused.
Golden Apple8 Gold Blocks and AppleMinecraft Crafting Golden Apple 
Heals all 10 hearts.
SugarSugar CaneCrafting Sugar from Sugar Cane 
Used to make cake.
Cake3 Milk, 2 Sugar, 3 Wheat and an EggCrafting Cake from Milk, Sugar, Wheat and Egg
Heals 1.5 hearts and can be used 6 times.

Miscellaneous Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Paper3 ReedsMinecraft Crafting Paper 
Used to craft books.
Fences6 SticksMinecraft Crafting Fence 
Used as a barrier that players and mobs cannot jump over.
Ladder7 SticksMinecraft Crafting Ladder 
Used to climb straight up.
Book3 PaperMinecraft Crafting Book 
Used to craft a bookshelf.
Sign6 Wooden Planks and StickMinecraft Crafting Sign
Displays four lines of editable text entered by the player.
OreIron, Diamond, Gold or Lapis Lazuli BlocksCrafting Ore from Ore Blocks 
Separates a block into individual gems/ingots.
PaintingSticks and ClothMinecraft Crafting Painting
Used for decorative purposes.
Bed3 Wool and 3 Wooden PlanksCrafting Bed from Wool and Wooden Planks
Used to fast forward time from night to day if all the players in the world are in bed at the same time. Can only be used at night and any color of wool can be used.

Dye Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Rose Red DyeRoseCrafting Rose Red Dye from Rose
Used to dye wool red.
Orange DyeRose Red Dye and Dandelion Yellow DyeCrafting Orange Dye from Rose Red and Dandelion Yellow 
Used to dye wool orange.
Dandelion Yellow DyeDandelionCrafting Dandelion Yellow Dye from Dandelion 
Used to dye wool yellow.
Lime DyeCactus Green and BonemealCrafting Lime Dye from Bonemeal and Cactus Green 
Used to dye wool green.
Light Blue DyeLapis Lazuli and BonemealCrafting Light Blue Dye from Lapis Lazuli and Bonemeal
Used to dye wool light blue.
Cyan DyeLapis Lazuli and Cactus GreenCrafting Cyan Dye from Lapis Lazuli and Cactus Green 
Used to dye wool cyan.
Pink DyeRose Red and BonemealCrafting Pink Dye from Rose Red and Bonemeal 
Used to dye wool pink.
Magenta DyePurple Dye and Pink DyeCrafting Magneta Dye from Pink and Purple Dye 
Used to dye wool magenta.
Purple DyeRose Red and Lapis LazuliCrafting Purple Dye from Lapis Lazuli and Rose Red 
Used to dye wool purple.
Light Gray DyeInk Sack and 2 Bone MealCrafting Light Gray Dye from Ink Sack and Bone Meal
Crafting Light Grey Dye 2 

Used to dye wool light gray. Can be made using an ink sac and two bonemeal or gray dye and bonemeal. Combining gray dye with bonemeal is better because you make 4 light gray dye from every ink sac (instead of 3).
Gray DyeInk Sack and Bone MealCrafting Gray Dye from Ink Sack and Bone Meal 
Used to dye wool Gray.
Bone Meal (White Dye)BoneCrafting Bone Meal from Bone
Used to dye wool white. (original colour) Can also be used as fertilizer to grow crops instantly.

Wool Recipes

NameIngredientsInput >> Output
Red WoolWool and Rose RedCrafting Red Wool from Rose Red and Wool 
Used as decoration.
Green WoolWool and Cactus GreenCrafting Green Wool from Cactus Green and Wool
Used as decoration.
Brown WoolWool and Cocoa BeanCrafting Brown Wool from Wool and Cocoa Bean 
Used as decoration. 

Orange WoolWool and Orange DyeCrafting Orange Wool from Wool and Orange Dye
Used as decoration.
Yellow WoolWool and Dandelion YellowCrafting Yellow Wool from Dandelion Yellow and Wool
Used as decoration.
Light Blue WoolWool and Light Blue DyeCrafting Light Blue Wool from Wool and Light Blue Dye
Used as decoration.
Cyan WoolWool and Cyan DyeCrafting Cyan Wool from Wool and Cyan Dye
Used as decoration.
Blue WoolWool and Lapis LazuliCrafting Blue Wool from Wool and Lapis Lazuli 
Used as decoration.
Pink WoolWool and Pink DyeCrafting Pink Wool from Wool and Pink Dye 
Used as decoration.
Magenta WoolWool and Magenta WoolCrafting Magenta Wool from Wool and Magenta Dye 
Used as decoration.
Purple WoolWool and Purple DyeCrafting Purple Wool from Wool and Purple Dye 
Used as decoration.
Light Gray WoolWool and Light Gray DyeCrafting Light Gray Wool from Wool and Light Gray Dye 
Used as decoration.
Grey WoolWool and Grey DyeCrafting Grey Wool from Wool and Grey Dye 
Used as decoration.
Black WoolWool and Ink SackCrafting Black Wool from Ink Sack and Wool 
Used as decoration.